Wild bettas in the Splenden complex live in marsh land like environment as it offers a constant source of water and does not dry up, these are constantly supplied with fresh water seeping from the ground and overgrown with vegetation that offers filtration and keeps the water clean and full of life. The myth of them living in puddles came from the fact that during the harsh drought they had no choice but to reside in small pockets of water until the raining seasons comes during breeding season which is usually around June to July, males and females will seek out confined spaces to spawn to avoid being found by predators that could potentially disturb them or the eggs as it could be over a week before the fry are old enough to swim and fend for themselves, each species come from different regions in Thailand (see picture at the bottom of the page) I’ll go over where each species are found.
Betta Splenden (Purchase @Franks_bettas)
Splendens are the most distributed amongst the species and can be found around the southwest up to north-western Thailand. They’re the main genetic structure that makes up the genetics of the domestic Splendens today, red being their base color they don’t have much scaling at the bottom half of their body which is usually deep red at the bottom and washes out to a more black towards the top followed by a greenish scale. Their fins consist of iridescent green or sky blue rays with a red base color.
Betta mahachaiensis (Purchase @Franks_bettas)
Mahachaiensis or Mahachai inhabit both brackish and freshwater habitat just southeast of Bangkok in the Mahachai area. Their brackish habitat is usually Nipa palm plantations which have been reduced by construction and new projects yearly so there’s a current plan to conserve these habitats for the survival of this species. Their characteristics are Emerald green scales throughout their body which is usually brown or black base, the distinctive trait that is easily used to distinguish between them and Smaragdinas since they are so similar is their cheek scales and ventrals. Mahachaiensis have plated cheek scaling rather than individual snakeskin like scales compared to Smaragdinas and their ventrals are dark black with iridescent green trim.
Betta Smaragdina (Purchase @Franks_bettas)
Smaragdinas are found all over the eastern and north eastern part of
Betta Smaragdina Guitar (Purchase @Franks_bettas)
Guitars are a subspecies of the Smaragdina so all the traits except caudal and dorsal markings are the same, Smaragdinas guitar are found only up northeastern of Thailand in a region of Bueng
Betta Imbellis (Purchase @Franks_bettas)
Imbellis inhabit waters from the south of Thailand and one of the most famous bloodlines that i breed. Iridescent green or blue scaling throughout their body with h brown or black base body the tail has a red C trim on their caudal usually 1/3rd of their tail with green/sky blue rays, tip of their anal fin have a red droplet like feature. Can be confused for siamorentalis (below) for their simularity in features but if you take notice of the siamorentalis they do not have any form of cheek scales and scaling will stop behind the gills. Some Siamorentalis may have 1 red vertical dash down their cheeks.
Betta Siamorentalis (Purchase @Franks_bettas)
Siamorentalis are very similar to Betta Imbellis and are found near the Rayong area of Thailand but in only a few areas, these are similar to Imbellis with everything except their cheeks has no scaling unlike the Imbellis usually fully black or with one vertical red dash with body scaling ending at the behind the gill.